The 856 Hierarchy:
A shipment notice is termed an 856 in the electronic data management industry. Understanding the hierarchical levels of an 856 is an important element in helping the sender of products, the supplier, to accurately describe the physical packing configuration of their shipment. It also allows the receiver to better process a transaction by associating a virtual packing configuration of the ASN with a physical shipment. As a result, the receiver can now better prepare resources to more quickly and accurately process the physical shipment. As seen in the diagram on the left, below the hierarchical levels of an 856 are explained.
Starting at the top of the hierarchy is the shipment level. It contains data related shipping information, such as ship from, ship to, bill of loading, shipped date, and more. The next level is the order level, containing data related to the buyer’s original purchase order, such as the purchase order number, purchase order date, and other details. On the third tier, we have the tare level. The tare level contains data related to pallets or master shipping containers. This level is included if pallets or master containers are used on the shipment, and may contain GS1 or UCC-128 carton labels. The pack level is next up, containing data related to the shipping cartons, such as GTIN case codes, quantity shipped and GS1 or UCC-128 carton label. This level may be omitted if there is no need to transmit pack level information. Lastly, there is the item level. This level contains data related item/products information such as UPCs, SKUs, buyers item info, quantity shipped, and more.
These are the 5 levels of the 856 Hierarchy. If you want to learn more about shipment notices, read more about the 856 in our blog section.